Women’s Rights and Gender Equality
The term woman refers to a human female, either an adult or a child. Before reaching adulthood, a human female is known as a girl, child, or adolescent. Certain phrases, like “you have a female child” or “the woman in your life,” refer to both adults and children as women. However, sometimes it is necessary to use the plural form of the word “woman.”
In the late nineteenth century, women did not typically work outside of the home. In fact, they were primarily unmarried and young. But that did not mean they did not participate in the economy. By the 1930s, women were participating in the labor force at higher rates than before, and participation rates for both married and single women were at 50 percent and twelve percent, respectively. This trend indicates that attitudes toward women were changing. Women also began attending college and working for themselves in order to better their lives.
The UN’s flagship report for women examines the state of families worldwide. It explores the impact of economic, demographic, political, and social transformation on women and families. The UN Women flagship report uses data from regional and global sources to analyze key issues and trends. And women’s rights and gender equality are often at stake in a variety of areas that aren’t addressed in the millennium goals. The first female prime minister in Sri Lanka was Sirimavo Bandaranaike, who became democratically elected in 1960.
While there are numerous laws and legal precedents regarding equality, some laws still make gender inequality a contentious issue. For example, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) stipulates that men and women must treat each other equally. It also stipulates that women have the right to choose their own sexuality, and that they should be free from discrimination and violence. Furthermore, equality between men and women demands mutual respect and shared responsibility.
Violence against women has grave consequences on women and their children. Children who experience violence often show signs of post-trauma stress and behavioural disorders. In addition, violence against women hinders their full participation in family, community, and society. By denying women the economic freedom necessary for economic security and independence, we are enabling the perpetrators of violence to continue their evil deeds. In short, violence against women only serves to prolong their vulnerability and dependence.
Women’s participation in the economy has increased over time. During the late 1990s, prime working age women’s participation rate reached its peak of 76 percent. While this increase is encouraging, the sex gap remains large. The same economic forces that impacted men and women have influenced women in similar ways. Globalization and technical change are factors that contribute to this imbalance, but women still lack the level of education necessary to succeed in the workforce.
Despite the fact that women make up a majority of scientists and researchers worldwide, they are often underrepresented in political positions. As of January 2019, only 12% of national science academies are composed of women. Women’s suffrage movements have a long history. In the United States, women first gained the right to vote at the state and local levels, eventually receiving universal suffrage in 1920 with the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution.