What is Sexual Violence?
What is sexual violence? Any sexual act or attempt to perform one, as well as trafficking or prostitution of another, are considered acts of sexual violence. In addition, any relationship between the perpetrator and the victim is considered a violation. There are many types of sexual violence and the definition of each is varied. In general, however, sexual violence involves the exploitation of the victim’s physical and emotional resources, especially her time, energy, and consent.
While a majority of sexual violence is not committed by strangers, it is typically perpetrated by a person the victim knows or is attracted to. These types of violence are seldom the result of passion, and instead are often aggressive acts performed to exert power and dominance over the victim. The victim has no control over the perpetrator, and he or she is often at the mercy of their behavior. Sexual violence can affect anyone. Even the most vulnerable individuals may be at risk of being a victim.
Various methods are used to coerce a victim into performing a penetrative sex act. These include intimidating, ignoring verbal or physical resistance, holding the victim down, or removing the victim’s right to refuse. Some perpetrators even use a weapon against the victim. The goal is to remove the victim’s autonomy and control and leave them feeling embarrassed, ashamed, or guilty. In these situations, the victim’s rights must be protected.
Statistics for sexual violence are often fragmented and underreported. The source of these statistics vary widely and are often incomplete and biased. Statistics from police and other law enforcement agencies are often limited or nonexistent, and the data from medico-legal clinics may not reflect the full extent of the problem. Survey research and the work of nongovernmental organizations help us understand the extent of this problem. There is a lack of data on the extent and types of sexual violence in our society.
In addition to physical and emotional effects, sexual violence can also lead to depression, anxiety, and a loss of self-esteem. Many survivors experience flashbacks and nightmares. The physical effects of sexual violence are long-lasting. They may have difficulty returning to their old lives, and they may even become isolated from others. Ultimately, sexual violence is a deeply personal and life-altering event that affects both the perpetrator and the victim.
A sexual assault can take place in a private, non-public place, such as a bedroom. In many cases, the perpetrator is an intimate partner or a stranger. Despite this, the sexual assault does not occur without coercion and violence. The survivor may be unconscious, incapacitated, or intoxicated. Despite this, the number of false reports is very low, and similar to other crimes in Canada.
While most types of sexual violence involve physical contact, these crimes can also include harassment, stalking, and unwanted touching. The perpetrator is usually the one who knows the victim and is trying to force them into an act. There are many different forms of sexual violence, including statutory rape, non-consensual sexting, and intercourse. Sexual violence is a serious problem that requires immediate and effective intervention to protect victims and prevent it from escalating into a dangerous and violent situation.